Design, Stress Analysis and Structural Steel Works are made according to the highest European standard in force for the Leisure Industry the EN 13814 (constantly improved) that specifies the minimum requirements necessary to ensure the safe design, calculation, manufacture, installation, maintenance, operation, examination, and testing of both temporary and permanent amusement devices.
From the beginning of the design until the delivery of Technical Park rides, we work in consideration of the best safety factor around all the following milestones:
- Structure and mechanism: Roller coaster structures must be robust enough to withstand various forces, including the weight of the coaster train, dynamic forces during acceleration, deceleration, and changes in direction. Engineers use materials like steel or wood for coaster tracks and support structures, carefully considering factors such as material strength, fatigue resistance, and corrosion resistance. Mechanical systems include propulsion mechanisms, braking systems, and safety mechanisms like block zones to control train spacing.
- Platform, stairs, and ramps: these components are essential to the overall safety and accessibility of roller coasters.
- Guest behavior and risk assessment: There must be mutual commitment between guests and workers. Guests must follow operators’ instructions, they must fasten seat belts and restraints, they must remain seated during the ride, they must hold on safety bars. To achieve this, operators need to be up-to-date on regulations and rules for passenger safety. Therefore, roller coaster operators must comply with safety regulations and standards to ensure that the loading and unloading process is efficient, orderly, and safe for all riders.
- Use and maintenance: Roller coasters require meticulous maintenance and operational protocols to ensure safety and functionality. The use of these mechanical marvels is governed by strict safety standards that mandate regular inspections, which often occur daily.
- Acceleration and passenger restraints: Roller coasters are designed for the passenger to experience the thrill of speed and acceleration. To safely manage these dynamic forces, which can surge to several times the force of gravity (g-forces), passenger restraints are critical.
- Control systems: ride control system, safety interlocks, block zone control, emergency stop and evacuation, computerized monitoring, ride sequencing.
- Electrical systems: power distribution, motors, lighting and special effects, sensors and feedback systems, communication systems, emergency lightening and backup systems, maintenance and diagnostic.
The European Norm is the reference document for the safety legislation in most European countries developed to facilitate the harmonization of the national and regional standards, securing the highest possible safety standard worldwide for the amusement rides.